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Importance of Ethics in Business

Ethics is important not only in business but in all aspects of life because it is the vital part and the foundation on which the society is build. A business/society that lacks ethical principles is bound to fail sooner or later. According to International Ethical Business Registry, “there has been a dramatic increase in the ethical expectation of businesses and professionals over the past 10 years. Increasingly, customers, clients and employees are deliberately seeking out those who define the basic ground, rules of their operations on a day today….”

Ethics refers to a code of conduct that guides an individual in dealing with others. Business Ethics is a form of the art of applied ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that can arise in business environment. It deals with issues regarding the moral and ethical rights, duties and corporate governance between a company and its shareholders, employees, customers, media, government, suppliers and dealers. Henry Ford said, “Business that makes noting but money is a poor kind of business”.

Ethics is related to all disciplines of management like accounting information, human resource management, sales and marketing, production, intellectual property knowledge and skill, international business and economic system. As said by Joe Paterno once that success without honor is an unseasoned dish. It will satisfy your hunger, but won’t taste good. In business world the organization’s culture sets standards for determining the difference between good or bad, right or wrong, fair or unfair.

“It is perfectly possible to make a decent living without compromising the integrity of the company or the individual, wrote business executive R. Holland, “Quite apart from the issues of rightness and wrongness, the fact is that ethical behavior in business serves the individual and the enterprise much better in long run.”, he added.

Some management guru stressed that ethical companies have an advantage over their competitors. Said Cohen and Greenfield, “Consumers are used to buying products despite how they feel about the company that sells them. But a valued company earned a kind of customer loyalty most corporations only dream of because it appeals to its customers more than a product”.

The ethical issues in business have become more complicated because of the global and diversified nature of many large corporation and because of the complexity of economic, social, global, natural, political, legal and government regulations and environment, hence the company must decide whether to adhere to constant ethical principles or to adjust to domestic standards and culture.

Managers have to remember that leading by example is the first step in fostering a culture of ethical behavior in the companies as rightly said by Robert Noyce, “If ethics are poor at the top, that behavior is copied down through the organization”, however the other methods can be creating a common interest by favorable corporate culture, setting high standards, norms, framing attitudes for acceptable behavior, making written code of ethics implicable at all levels from top to bottom, deciding the policies for recruiting, selecting, training, …

Hair Bow Business: 11 Tips to Start Selling Hair Bows

1) Caution! Don’t Start Online”…”Yet: Everyone wants to sell on the internet as it opens your business up to the entire world. Many people try to immediately start selling online via a website only to find out they make very few sales. Why? No one is finding their site. Selling online is great, but it can take time to get sites set up or traffic to your site. Simply put, starting a website will get you nowhere if you don’t get traffic to see it. There are lots of variables in getting your website noticed by Google but we will save that for a later article. Easier ways to begin selling online are by listing your bows on eBay or Etsy. Both of these sites allow a beginner to showcase their products with ease. If your product is priced competitively and you have good pictures to display, you should be able to start selling right away via these sites.

2) Local Business Marketing: We recommend this as one of the best ways to start selling your hair bows and ribbon products. This is why we listed it as the first “do” item. Many people try to immediately start selling online via a website. Selling online is great, but it can take time to get sites set up or traffic to your site. To get off to a quick start, focus your efforts initially on your local market. Find local boutiques and children’s stores and drop by with examples of your products. Be sure to have an idea of how you both will benefit from working together. You can sell your bows at a wholesale price or work out a commission for the store if they agree to sell your hair bows. Get in touch with the local schools cheer leading and dance teams. Consider creating school fundraisers and doing “hair bow parties”. Hair Salons are also great avenues to sell your bows. Finally, do what we did starting out and sell at some nearby community craft shows or public events where a booth can be purchased.

3) Social Networks: Facebook and Twitter and similar networking sites are the rage these days. Don’t forget to use these sites to market your business. Learn the options of each type of site and focus your efforts on getting followers by posting great relevant posts. Use these sites to show pictures of your creations and post bow ideas to your followers. Announcing promotions and sales are a must on social networks.

4) Blogs: There are lots of Blogging sites you can use. Blogger and Word Press are two popular options where you can easily create a blog for your business. Post pictures and write about your products. Come up with creative designs that will catch the eyes of your readers. Make sure you link your blog to your website which can help drive sales

5) eBay and Etsy: Rather than starting with a website, start generating business online with eBay or Etsy. These …

Rewards and Punishment in Business

Managers can rely on the carrot or the stick to reward or punish employees. Unfortunately, most managers don’t give much thought about how they reward or punish. In dozens of management development courses I have delivered, I have asked managers, what they use to motivate their employees. Most say money. When asked to think deeper about employee motivations they often realize that they have not really given much thought about what motivates employees, much less given much thought about how they as managers do it.

Few have given much thought to the fact that the wrong type of reward can in fact have the opposite effect. I always share with them the story of the top sales representative at a large pharmaceutical company where I used to work. He was the best the company had. Not only did they reward him with bonuses, but they also had many award trips that representatives could win on a quarterly, semester and yearly basis. He practically won them all! He was winning trips to exotic locations and exciting cities all over the country. I was working in a sales operations position at the time. I visited with him to learn more about his success. During our visit I was shocked when he told me how unhappy he was with the company and how he was thinking of leaving!

I soon learned why. He had a large territory and was constantly “on the road”. He also had several small children. While he realized that he had to travel to be successful, he did not appreciate the fact that almost every 3 or 4 months the company expected him to go on these fancy trips, which took him away from his family even more. He asked, why couldn’t they just give him the money or award him with prize points, rather than force him away from his family! Management had never considered if the type of rewards we were offering was really motivating those who received them. The same is true, if not more so, when it comes to punishment. When working on case studies dealing with difficult employees, attendees at my leadership development programs usually respond first by saying simply “fire them”. They also talk about putting them on “performance improvement plans” or other types of punishment. Few have given serious thought about the type of punishment or the manner in which they deliver the punishment and whether it has impact on improving behavior in promoting the desired type of organizational conduct in the future.

In a study designed to discover if the way managers deliver punishment has a positive impact on behavior within organizations, Ball, Revino and Sims showed that “punishment can positively influence subordinates’ subsequent behaviors (and prevent negative behaviors) if the punishment is conducted in a particular way” (1994, p. 314). They found that positive results occurred when punishment was perceived by the employee to be just and “matching the infraction” they committed and “consistent with what others have received” for …

10 Services That Banks Offer

Whenever we are looking for a particular bank product, we of course always want the best for ourselves. There are numerous services that banks offer. The following article intends to outline 10 of the principal services that banks offer and the reasons why we would want the best in each one … for ourselves!

Wanting the best for ourselves is especially true when we are looking for a means to entrust the safe keeping of our money. So where is the best place for your money? Give it to a friend? Put it in a piggy bank? Hide it in a particular place where only you know? Put it into a bank? Well these are some of the possible places and means wherein you can keep your money. But there is one thing that these ways have in common: they are all actually risky. They are all risky in the sense that the money you have entrusted to them are in danger of being spent, destroyed or will be worth less to you when you take the money back.

Of course, entrusting your money to a reliable and trusted bank is one of the most trusted ways to keep your money safe. Of course to do this, you have to open a savings account first before you are allowed to deposit your money with a bank.

Before opening a bank account, it is best practice to carry out any research about any prospective bank. If you think you are satisfied with your research and think that the bank you have chosen can meet all your business and personal needs, then this will be the time for you to enroll yourself and begin to make your deposits.

I Now Have A Bank Account!

Now, you and your money are already relatively safe and secure. I have to congratulate you for finding the best bank for you. However, I would like to reiterate here that all banks vary in the services they provide. A good example of the common services offered is the savings account. This is basically the initial service one can ever have when joining a bank. With regards to services, there are also some cases where some banks offer one type of service and others do not.

10 Services Offered By Banks

For you to have a clear view of a bank's services, I have included 10 of the services that most banks offer to consumer banking customers.

  1. Savings and other Accounts
  2. Online Banking
  3. Wire Services (includes customer care service)
  4. Payroll
  5. CDs
  6. Payments
  7. Collection
  8. Transfer of Funds
  9. Bill Payments
  10. Loans

7 Thoughts From Scripture for Struggling Christian Business Owners

I have seen a lot of articles that list scriptures for Christian business owners, but rarely do they have practical wisdom that goes with them. Yes, scripture can speak for itself, but when we are struggling Bible verses seem to get glossed over by our stressed out mind.

I want to share with you seven Bible verses with seven thoughts and seven insights. I know when I am going through a tough time, it helps me to ‘hear’ from someone who understands what I am going through. It makes the Bible come to life when someone shares it from a perspective of a Christian entrepreneur.

Worries are like butterflies, they need to be released.

It is easy to worry. There are so many things to think about it can be overwhelming. Take heart… and mind. When we look at the way we try to handle our problems, we often leave God out of the solution. He cares about all the things you go through and is there to help when we ask Him. We must learn to release our worries to God so that He can work wondrous things for us.

Philippians 4:6-7 “do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.”

Humility lets us bring others into our struggles.

Sometimes when we get caught up in tough times we try to take on everything ourselves. We must learn to delegate and let others help us. We must bring others in to pray for us and with us. We are leaders in our business, but more than that, we are part of a faith community. God wants us to help us with our anxieties and He may have placed people in your life to do just that. We must remember that God cares for us.

1 Peter 5:6-7 “Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God so that at the proper time he may exalt you, casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you.”

Our reaction to our struggles defines our success.

We don’t like to go through hard times, but when we do our reaction to those tough times can make or break us. When we redefine our struggles in light of what God is doing and has done in our lives, we find God’s power working even in the tough times.

James 1: 2-4 “Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.”

Perspectives help us define our problems.

When we go through tough times, we get caught up thinking about all the bad things that could happen. I have an elderly lady at my church tell me, “Quit sowing …

Advantages Of Setting Up An Office In The Central Business District And In Other Prime Location

When setting up a business, aside from a good business plan, it is important to use the right location. As in the maxim for real estate, it is all about location. Without a good site, a business idea may be good but will have less chances of success. On the other hand when a business is located in a strategic place, the outcome can be entirely different.

Whether one is setting up a business office or shops in retail area or a commercial building, one has to check that the area is in a good location. Getting a prime location can be a wise investment. It has the advantages of enjoying visibility and good traffic. Recognizable location plays an important factor too. People tend to flock to areas that are well known and have good reputations.

Maintaining a business in an out-of-the-way area may hold allure for some people but this would depend on the nature of the business. Unless one’s business is about rest and recreation, setting up the business in an out-of-the-way site defeats the purpose of doing business.

It is important likewise for it to be accessible. Ideally, the place must be near or accessible to housing developments so that the staff and personnel would have no problems going to and from work. Studies have shown that less travel time between job site and one’s home results to more productive workers and positive attitudes of staffs as well. Commuting can be energy draining especially if travel time is long and involves problems such as traffic jams.

One of the best places to do business in any city would be in the Central Business District or CBD area. Another common name for the area would be downtown. It is here that most financial centres and business activities take place. Big banks and important companies would hold office here. Commercial offices for sale and for rent are likely to be more expensive and may sometimes be hard to come by. However, it is also in these places that business can be done conveniently because of proximity to suppliers and clients alike.

Look for real estate agents or online sites that offer commercial spaces for rent in these prime locations. Most reputable realtors would have a listing of office spaces and shop areas. Some of them may even know of possible locations that may soon be up in the auction market that you can take advantage.…

What a Tour Broker Is and How to Become One

A person who operates a tour company is a broker. A broker is a middleman. Brokers buy or arrange items or services and sells these items or services to the end buyer. Some examples of brokers are:

Independent insurance agents. These agents do not provide insurance; they arrange insurance for you from an insurance company. Insurance agents usually get a commission from an insurance company.

Stock brokers. Like insurance agents, stock brokers help you buy and sell stock. They don’t own the stock. These brokers also receive a commission based on the amount sold.

Real estate broker. Again, these brokers do not own the properties they sell and they get a commission based on the value of what they sell.

There are also tour brokers. Tour brokers serve a variety of customers. This article is about what a tour brokerage is and the basics of this business.

Here is a good description if what a tour is: A trip with visits to various places of interest for business, pleasure, or instruction.

Here travel is defined: To go from one place to another, as on a trip; journey.

A tour, then, is not only travel but it is travel with the purpose being pleasure or interest. You may think of a tour as extended travel with the object being to see and experience an area. Travel, on the other hand, is usually only about moving from one place to another.

A tour broker works with people on a continuous basis. If you are going to get involved in this type of business you should like working with people – you have to be a people person.

Tour brokers are not travel agents. Travel agents arrange for the travel needs of their customers. Usually a travel agent will only work with individuals or small groups (families, for example). Travel agents also always buy something that is already in place (air travel, car rentals, hotels, etc.), they do not originate anything.

Tour brokers originate – they arrange tours, they arrange the transportation, they arrange the lodging, they arrange the meals, and they arrange other services for their clients. A tour broker plans on what kind of tour he/she wants to operate.

Next, the tour broker makes arrangements for the various components of the tour – transportation, food, lodging, attractions, etc.

There are many types of tour companies. Some offer guided tours of a local area – tours of a city or an attraction, for example. Some offer tours in a natural setting – guided tours through the Grand Canyon fall into this category. Some offer tours to various national and state parks. Some offer tours through a large area, a multi-state tour is a good example.

IF YOU LIKE TO TRAVEL – FOR FREE – THIS IS A GREAT BUSINESS TO BE IN

You may have to do inspections of the hotels and attractions that you will be making a part of your tour. If you have been taught correctly you will know …

20 Pieces Of Equipment For Your Cake Business

If you have decided that starting a cake business from home is perfect for you, then you may have some initial questions. Overall, a cake business is reliably straightforward but chocked full of options when it comes to equipment and supplies. Let's go over some of the general products you may need for your cake business and some of the extra specialty items you may enjoy having.

1. Heavy Duty Mixer – most people own a mixer but you may want to upgrade if you are planning on starting a cake business from home.

2. Pans – As you know, these come in all shapes and sizes. Your three basic include your circular, versatile or character shaped. Tip: Do not skimp on good quality cake pans, it does make a difference!

3. Large, heavy duty cooling racks.

4. Turntables for decorating. Make sure they are sturdy!

5. Good, quality separators for multi-layered cakes.

6. A camera to take beautiful pictures of your cakes so future clients can see your work.

7. An air brusher is definitely an item that is not necessary. But, as your business grows and your cake decorating art develops, you may want to invest in one.

8. A projector for the more serious cake business entrepreneurs. This will help you intensify the designs that go onto your specialty cakes. Again, this is not a necessity but definitely a luxury for those who want it.

9. Bowls and spatulas for mixing!

10. Food colors for painting!

11. Obviously an oven for baking the cakes themselves.

12. Icing tubes, icing bags and accessories.

13. Rolling pins, non-stick boards and mats.

14. Brushes for painting if you are into that sort of decorating for your cake business.
15. Thermometers.

16. Dummy Cakes.

17. Knives and Cake Levelers.

18. Flower making accessories are a great investment to help add a little style to your cakes.

19. Books on cake businesses and cake decorating for new ideas and tips.

20. A couple of great web resources such as sites or forums where you can talk to other cake decorators, ask questions and share your knowledge with others!

Now, if you did not before, you have a great list to start from. Some of these items are less necessary than others. It is up to you how much you can invest in the start-up of your business. If you just want to begin making one-layered birthday cakes then you may not need everything on this list. But who knows, hopefully your business will boom from the beginning and then you will need every item on this list and more! …

Personal Financial Planning – Risk Management

Risk management in financial planning is the systematic approach to the discovery and treatment of risk. The objective is to minimize worry by dealing with the possible losses before they happen.

The process involves:

Step 1: Identification

Step 2: Measurement

Step 3: Method

Step 4: Administration

Risk Identification

The process begins by identifying all potential losses that can cause serious financial problems.

(1) Property Losses – The direct loss that requires replacement or repair and indirect loss that requires additional expenses as a result of the loss.

(For example, the damage of the car incurs repair cost and additional expenses to rent another car while the car is being repaired.)

(2) Liability Losses – It arises from the damage of other’ property or personal injury to others.

(For example, the damage to public property as a result of a car accident.)

(3) Personal Losses – The loss of earning power due to death, disability, sickness or unemployment and the extra expenses incurred as a result of injury or illness.

(For example, the loss of employment due to cancer and the required treatment cost in addition to normal living expenses.)

Risk Measurement

Subsequently, the maximum possible loss (i.e. the severity) associated with the event as well as the probability of occurrence (i.e. the frequency) is quantified.

(1) Property Risk – The replacement cost necessary to replace or repair the damaged asset is estimated by a comparable asset at the current price. Indirect expenses for alternative arrangements like accommodation, food, transport, etc, needs to be taken into account.

(2) Liability Risk – This is considered to be unlimited as it will depend upon the severity of the event and the amount the court awards to the aggrieved party.

(3) Personal Risk – Estimate the present value of the required living expenses and additional expenses per year and computing it over a predetermined number of years at some assumed interest rate and inflation.

Methods Of Treating Risk

A combination of all or several techniques are used together to treat the risk.

(1) Avoidance – The complete elimination of the activity.

This is the most powerful technique, but also the most difficult and may sometimes be impractical. In addition, care must be taken that avoidance of one risk does not create another.

(For example, to avoid the risk associated with flying, never take a flight on the plane.)

(2) Segregation – Separating the risk.

This is a simple technique that involves not putting all your eggs in one basket.

(For example, to avoid both parents dying in a car crash together, travel in separate vehicles.)

(3) Duplication – Have more than one.

This technique requires preparation of additional back up(s).

(For example, to avoid the loss of use of a car, have 2 or more cars.)

(4) Prevention – Forestall the risk from happening.

This technique aims to reduce the frequency of the loss occurring.

(For example, to prevent fires, keep matches away from children.)

(5) Reduction – Minimize the magnitude of loss.

This …

What’s in Your Record of Achievement Folder?

At 16, each child leaving school gets a Record of Achievement folder. The National Record of achievement or NRA is recognised throughout the UK and can be used as evidence of the holder’s achievements whilst at school.

The NRA can be taken to job interviews, colleges, apprenticeships or whatever route you plan to take on leaving school. It shows other people how you’ve spent your time in education and the positive things that you have to offer. The NRA is also a useful way to see what you’ve achieved so far in black and white and think about what to do next.

Before the NRA

There are a number of processes that lead up to you receiving your NRA.

Throughout your time at school you’ll be required to take part in a number of activities relating to the National Record of Achievement Folder, these will include:

  • Keeping evidence of achievements and building a portfolio
  • Assessment of your progress through reports and examination
  • Planning your next actions and setting targets to improve your NRA

What does the Record of Achievement Folder Look Like?

The NRA is generally presented in a burgundy folder, but your school may have chosen a different type of folder for their students. A number of standard sheets should be placed inside the folder including:

  • Your name, address and personal details
  • A summary of your educational achievements
  • A personal statement

You can also include any other records that could be useful when applying for a job, apprenticeship or college place, such as:

  • Credits and qualifications
  • Work experience history
  • Employment history
  • Awards
  • Attendance records

In addition the NRA will include an Accreditation Certificate which demonstrates that your school has monitored and organised the processes of achievement correctly.

Now What?

You should be preparing your Record of Achievement folder throughout year 11 as job and college interviews can happen quite quickly. In most cases if you’re planning to attend college, interviews will start around Christmas time so your NRA needs to be prepared by then.

Take evidence of anything you feel may be relevant to what you want to do. For example, if you want to study English then take photocopies of your most impressive essays. If you’re planning to find an apprenticeship in the building trade then take photos of the things you learn or anything you make at school which could support your application.

However, it’s also important to tailor your NRA so it’s fit for purpose. In other words be selective about what you include when you’re showing it to different people. For instance, if you’re planning a practical apprenticeship your interviewer will want to know your GCSE grades and see evidence of your practical achievements, they won’t want to read your essay on Richard III.

During year’s 10 and 11 you’re entitled to lots of help with your NRA. Your personal tutor should have at least three meetings with you to look at your folder and help you get organised. In addition, you’ll get help writing …