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Bridging Finance – Advantages and Disadvantages

The most important advantage of using Bridging Finance is that you can complete the purchase of a new property before the sale of your existing property has completed. As organising the sale of your existing property and co-ordinating the purchase of a new property can be extremely difficult and create stress and pressure. If there is enough equity in your existing property you may be able to incorporate the finance needed for all of the fees involved. A Bridging Finance Loan is a temporary home loan which enables a purchaser to buy the property of their choice without being held up by the lengthy sales process. This can be a huge plus when you find the property for you and you do not want to risk losing it through a lengthy chain in your sale. You can also use Bridging Finance to avoid moving into rented accommodation and move straight into your new home.

Bridging Finance also has the advantage of having a quick process and has many different uses. It can be used for funding auction finance, first and second mortgages, home renovation and refurbishment, new-build development and construction as well as debt consolidation. Many Bridging Finance providers offer a option to defer fees to be charged until the completion of your sale and then added to your new mortgage, this can be useful in keeping the costs down.

There are several disadvantages when using Bridging Finance that you should be aware of before choosing this route. You may be required to have sufficient equity in your current property to support the purchase of both properties. As well as this you should also note that until your existing property is sold your interest payments will keep adding up, this can lead to difficulties if you do not sell your property quickly. Taking out a Bridging Finance home loan may force you to sell your property at a price lower than you wish to due affordability. You will be charged interest on the entire amount of the new loan. A Bridging Loan is only designed for short term use to bridge the gap between your purchase and sale usually only between 6 to 12 months, obviously the shorter the term of the loan the less cost there will be to you.

When using Bridging Finance you will pay a higher rate of interest this is because Bridging Finance is seen as riskier by the lender. It can be difficult to find a bridging loan this is because the risks are high so not many lenders are involved in the bridging market. There usually is a large amount of paper work and money involved as the finance covers two properties. As the loan is short term lenders do not make the same kind of money as with a traditional mortgage. This makes providing Bridging Finance less attractive for lenders and subsequently results in there not being many available lenders in the market. So when you need a bridging loan quickly this …

Analysis of Target Corporation

TARGET CORPORATION ANALYSIS

The purpose of this memo is to evaluate Target’s recent performance and compare Target’s five proposed capital budgeting projects.

The first SuperTarget store opened in Omaha, Nebraska in 1995. Target differentiated itself from Wal-mart by focusing on their customer’s shopping experience. The company had been highly successful at promoting its brand awareness with large advertising campaigns and as additional enhancement to the customer shopping experience, Target offered credit to qualified customers through its RED cards.

I. Target’s Recent Performance Evaluation

Wal-Mart Revenue= $315.7 billion Wal-Mart Debt Rating= AA Wal-Mart Beta= 0.80

Costco Revenue= $52.9 billion Costco Debt Rating= A Costco Beta= 0.85

Target Revenue= $52.6 billion Target Debt Rating= A+ Target Beat= 1.05

Table 1: Retail Company Financial Information

Table 1 shows that Target’s total revenue is the lowest as compared to Wal-mart and Costco but it performed better in relation to its company’s debt management. Target’s debt rating of A+ outperforms Wal-mart’s or Costco’s debt rating. This indicates that Target has very efficient debt management system in its company despite the fact that they need to acquire more funds to undertake their capital budgeting projects and the risk of them defaulting on their loan payments is very low. However, Target seems to be the riskiest company with a beta of 1.05 which is higher than the other two companies. I believe that Target’s beta of 1.05 is not a very big issue as the total beta of the retail industry is 1.96 and Target’s beta is still much lower than the overall industry’s beta.

II. Target’s Financial Ratios Evaluation

Net profit Margin (2005) = 6.89{4917788a0bd7aa7369c2a945027b4fe6c9853cda4150a24fe1255b18ce3083dc} (2006) = 4.58{4917788a0bd7aa7369c2a945027b4fe6c9853cda4150a24fe1255b18ce3083dc}

Return on Assets (ROA) (2005)= 5.84{4917788a0bd7aa7369c2a945027b4fe6c9853cda4150a24fe1255b18ce3083dc} (2006)= 6.88{4917788a0bd7aa7369c2a945027b4fe6c9853cda4150a24fe1255b18ce3083dc}

Return on Equity (ROE) (2005)= 24.55{4917788a0bd7aa7369c2a945027b4fe6c9853cda4150a24fe1255b18ce3083dc} (2006) = 16.95{4917788a0bd7aa7369c2a945027b4fe6c9853cda4150a24fe1255b18ce3083dc}

Asset Turnover Ratio (2005)= 1.44 (2006) = 1.50

Inventory Turnover Ratio (2005)=5.84 (2006)= 5.98

Table 2: Target’s Financial Ratios

Table 2 shows that Target’s net profit margin has decreased since 2005. ROE has also decreased since 2005 but ROA increased since 2005. Target’s net profit margin decreased since 2005 because they decreased their interest expense in 2006. Target experienced a growth in sales and a decrease in interest expense from 2005 to 2006 which is a good sign for the company even though this resulted in a decrease in net profit margin. This decrease in net income also led to a decrease in ROE. The decrease in ROE is not a bad sign for Target as the total shareholders’ equity actually increased from 2005 to 2006 which also caused the decrease in ROE. ROA improved from 2005 to 2006 which shows that management is really good at managing Target’s assets to generate earnings.

Asset Turnover Ratio and Inventory Turnover Ratio improved since 2005 which indicates that Target is becoming more efficient in managing their assets and inventories. Turnover ratios are very important in the retail industry to ensure that the company is able to keep their costs low and generate significant profits. The improvement in inventory turnover for Target shows that …

Is it Better to Buy or Lease a Car After Bankruptcy?

If you want to get approved at the best possible terms when buying a car, it’s important you know a car lender’s credit guidelines before you apply for credit…especially if you’re bankrupt.

It will save you time and frustration–but more importantly, it will help you avoid credit inquiries that may lower your FICO credit scores up to 12 points per inquiry.

Step 1 in making a lease or buy decision is to determine a lender’s credit guidelines.

You start by asking if they lend to people with a bankruptcy. If so, on what terms?

That’s right. You have to be upfront that you’ve filed bankruptcy. Don’t hide it. We have to face the fact that some dealers just won’t work with people who’ve filed bankruptcy. So our job is to find the ones that do.

Some lenders will only lease to people with a bankruptcy. Others will only offer purchase financing. Yet still others will only lend using a hybrid of the two–this is especially common in Texas.

Ask the finance director at the dealership to direct you as to what structure the manufacturer prefers.

And here’s a quick tip for you: if your bankruptcy doesn’t appear on the credit report your lender pulls–then, in the eyes of the lender, you’re not bankrupt.

The only lenders I would consider using are:

– First choice: Captive lenders (car manufacturers)

– Second choice: Banks (not finance companies)

– Third choice: Credit unions

Ninety-nine percent of the cars I’ve leased over the years have been with captive lenders. Just one was leased by a bank.

That particular deal came from a conversation I had with Amy, the finance manager at the local Land Rover dealership here in Indianapolis. I told her I was open to her financing recommendations, but I preferred financing through the car manufacturer.

I told her my current FICO scores. She immediately said that with my scores she could do better through a local bank. I signed a credit application and told her to go for it.

The next day I signed a lease agreement with that local bank. Being open to her advice literally saved me hundreds of dollars a month on that car.

So be flexible…but be careful. It seems most car dealers call all of their funding sources banks. When in reality some are banks, some are credit unions, and most are sub-prime finance companies.

Here is a list of some of the most commonly used sub-prime auto finance companies:

1. HSBC Automotive

2. Capital One

3. AmeriCredit

4. WFS Financial

You want to pass on the sub-prime finance companies–unless you have exhausted all other options. Sub-prime lenders should be your last resort.

And only use credit unions if they report to all three national credit reporting agencies. How do you find out if a credit union reports to all three credit reporting agencies?

Simple–you ask. Ask the branch manager at the credit union if they report. And after you get the loan, check all three of …

Causes and Effects of Deficit Financing

As we know, the major sources of public revenue are taxes, fees, prices, special assessments, rates, gifts etc., etc. If during a given period of time, the government expenditure proceeds government revenue and the deficit is met by borrowing, it is called deficit financing or income creating finance. In order to have a significant expansion effects therefore, a program of public investment should be financed by borrowing rather than taxation. This kind of borrowing or loan expenditure is often called deficit financing.

Deficit financing is said to have been practiced if state adopts any one or all the methods stated below:

(A) The government draws upon the cash balances of the past.

(B) The government borrows from the central bank against government securities.

(C) The government creates money by printing of paper currency and thus meets the expenditure over receipts.

(D) The government borrows externally.

Deficit financing was considered to be a very dangerous weapon by the classical economists. The modern economists are, however, leaning towards it and recommend it to be used for accelerating economic development and achieving high level employment in the country.

The problem to be solved here is:

(I) Whether income generating finance should be adopted for increasing total effective demand.

(Ii) If deficit financing is desirable for ensuring high level of employment, then to what extent should it be carried out.

(Iii) What are its good and bad effects?

Deficit financing is being practiced by advanced as well as underdeveloped countries. The advanced countries use it as an instrument of increasing effective demand where the underdeveloped countries employ it for increasing the rate of capital formation.

The scope of deficit financing for accelerating economic growth in backward economy is very bright as they are covered in a vicious circle of underdevelopment. They use funds for investment when the resources of the country are not adequate to initiate the processes of take off. So arises the need for deficit financing.

The underdeveloped countries are confronted with the following problems:

(I) The rate of growth of population is faster than the rate of economic development.

(Ii) The State revenue received through taxes, fees, etc., is not sufficient to provide full employment to the labor force.

(Iii) The per capita income is extremely low and so is the capacity to save.

(Iv) Foreign loans for development purposes are not without strings and are also not available in desired quantity.

(V) There is a dearth of stock of capital in the country.

(Vi) People lack initiative and entrepreneurial ability.

(Vii) People are mostly extravagant and there is less voluntary savings.

(Viii) A greater portion of the population lives in villages and are contended with their lot.

(Ix) The government can not incur the displeasure of the people by enhancing the tax rates beyond a certain limit. It can not also impose additional taxes for the same reason.

(X) So there is too much evasion of taxes.

Under the conditions stated above, the reader can easily visualize the state of …

Buying a Business With Its Own Cash – And Not a Penny of Your Own

After reading this article, you will be ready to start applying your knowledge and reach your American Dream of owning a business. This comes with a serious effort on your part; however, by reading this article, I assume you’ve decided to take this long journey and start making a change in your life. I’m going to introduce you to some easy ways to get the money you need through the modern-day miracle of leverage. We’ll start with an approach that enables you to make the business actually pay for itself without requiring you to reach for your wallet.

Question: Is it true that the method of taking money out of the company’s cash flow is reserved exclusively for financial gurus?

Answer: It is partly true. Most leveraging techniques have that reputation. And frankly, they shouldn’t. If more people knew about them, many entrepreneurs would have been in business long ago. Such techniques only seem to be reserved for financial experts because they [the techniques] appear more frequently in strategic financial markets. You hear of many major acquisitions worth billions of dollars. Yet, you will never hear how it happened or what was involved. This information never goes public. As will be mentioned in Strategy 4, by developing a strong network with corporate leaders, you will definitely have access to that valuable information even though you might not work in the field.

These are actually hidden secrets that I’m revealing to you right now. The power of information will allow you to go far. However, it’s up to you to make the effort in searching for more information about the company that you want to acquire. Remember, the most powerful tool you have while you are dealing with the seller is showing him your knowledge in the industry and how it can be beneficial for him (and yourself, of course) to sell you the business. And, believe me, you too can put these powerful, yet simple, tools to use immediately.

Question: What is the easiest way to explain how to use a business’s cash flow for financing purposes?

Answer: Let me start by giving you some perspective on how much money we’re really talking about. One expert explains it this way:

“The amount of cash an average business puts into its cash register over just two or three weeks is usually enough to cover the down payment to buy that business”.

Think about it. The cash that collects in just a matter of days is usually enough so that, with some creativity, you can use it to satisfy the seller’s down payment. That can work no matter what type of business you are pursuing. Since there is no law that says you can’t “borrow” that money, all you have to do is figure out how to use the cash collected to pay for the business once you have acquired it. This easy if you have a C.P.A to calculate your cash flow in order to know how to approach the seller …

A Brief Introduction to Financial Jobs

Even during the current recession, financial powerhouses like the City of London, or Wall Street, have continued to provide motivated and skilled workers in financial jobs with a quality of life that’s unmatched in most other sectors.

That’s down to one thing. The earning power of financial sector and banking jobs.

So it’s no surprise that even more promising young graduates are seeking to enter the financial sector. But they’re in need of guidance, which is why we’ve provided this brief introduction to financial sector, investment banking and wealth management jobs.

What is a Financial Sector Job?

Simply put, a financial sector job is any position involved in business or corporate finance. Banking, investment, commodities and sales trading positions all fall under the umbrella of finance jobs – making it an incredibly broad and attractive market for prospective employees.

But it’s this attractiveness which makes the sector so competitive for first-time applicants. Which is why it’s never been more important for them to secure the correct qualifications, and seek out the right advice on finding positions.

What Qualifications Will You Need?

Jobs in the financial sector can be extremely well-paid, and as such, competition for jobs is always fierce. So having the skills and qualifications to stand out from the crowd is crucial if you want to get ahead of the competition and secure the position you need.

A large number of finance industry workers have an MBA (Master of Business Administration) degree, which immediately marks them out to employers – but even this is not enough. Professional qualifications and licenses are a must if you’re aiming for one of the most lucrative jobs, and they include the following designations:

Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)

Certified Financial Planner (CFP)

Certified Public Accountant (CPA)

All of these designations can be earned by completing approved programmes, either at a University while you are studying, or later in life backed by your employer.

Without additional qualifications, your career can stutter – so if you’ve got more than four years’ experience and you’re looking to move up the corporate ladder, you will seriously need to consider additional qualifications.

Entry level positions will demand much less in the way of qualifications (you should still pursue an MBA as a minimum) – but as we’re about to discover, they also pay far less.

How Much Can You Expect to Earn?

The easy answer to this commonly asked question would be this: “How long is a piece of string”?

But, while correct, that answer wouldn’t do justice to the earning power commanded by those who’ve achieved enough to rise to the top of the financial sector.

While junior-level candidates will find themselves on less lucrative, if still very competitive salaries – a junior quantitative analyst, for example, will earn around £250 per day with some companies – those at the top of the field will find that demand for their skill and experience translates to very rewarding wages.

It’s not unusual for financial sector experts to earn a …

Semi Truck Finance – Bad Credit

Did you know that if you are interested in purchasing a semi truck, it is now easier than ever to find the perfect one for your business, dealership, or fleet, even in these tough economic times. If you are a company driver and you are tired of all the nonsense you have to deal with working for someone else, you should definitely consider getting your own transportation business. Besides, why make money for someone else?

Go out there and get your own vehicle. Even with bad credit you will be better off with your own business. Commercial truck financing with bad credit provides trucks for acquisition & buy out of equipment that were repossessed before.

Loans for folks with bad credit helps borrowers with the finances who want to buy a truck. Commercial loan financing can help you with the loan that you need.

If you have bad credit there are many places that can arrange a loan for you. The commercial truck loan should be one that you understand and one that you are most comfortable with. Experienced companies understand the finance market and what is needed to get you low-interest rates and fast approvals. Most trucking companies have programs to train you to be a trainer but you will need to have a certain amount of truck driving experience under your belt. How the truck driving industry is changing and the myths associated with the industry are exactly what they are, just “myths”. Whether you are a seasoned owner operator, a company semi driver or a semi driver who has just obtained a CDL license, there are thousands and thousands of off lease semi’s and repos waiting for you to take over the payments. Some drivers own a semi and are their own boss; others drive for others and have set hours and destinations. Ask yourself this question; what kind of trucker do you want to be?…

The Pros & Cons of Making Your Business a Separate Legal Entity

There are a number of significant benefits for a small business owner to consider when determining if incorporation is the right path for their business.

We’ll discuss these main advantages below as well as touch on the downsides that incorporation brings.

To start with, lets cover what business incorporation is exactly. When you incorporate a business, you are, as far as the law is concerned, providing a formal legal separation of your own personal assets and those that belong to the business. In effect,your company becomes a separate legal entity in its own right.

What does this mean to you as a small business owner? In very basic terms it means that should your business hit hard times and go bust, you as the owner are not liable for the debts owed by the business, because they are owed by the business and not you. So once incorporated you can run your business in the knowledge that your personal savings and assets are not at risk.

For businesses with a short trading history, or a poor financial history or with few assets, most lenders will ask for personal guarantees to be signed to provide them with extra security. But as the business grows the requirement for personal guarantees will diminish, because the business itself will have more assets to secure finance against.

If you company fails after being incorporated, shareholders are only liable up to the value of the equity investment made, other than any separate personal guarantees that may have been signed. In other words you liability is limited to your equity investment, so you can lose your investment in the company, but beyond that your personal savings and assets are safe.

As well as the personal limited liability protection that incorporation brings, another significant benefit is that once incorporated it is often easier to borrow money or raise further equity investment to finance the growth of your business.

It becomes more straightforward to raise additional capital for a number of reasons. Incorporation signals to the financial institutions that your business is planning to be around for a long time and gives them a degree of assurance. Also, following incorporation, you business has set share structures making it easier to value the worth of the company.

Being able to value the company independently makes it easier to raise finance as the debt to equity ratio of the business can be analysed, and the share structure itself means that shares can be issued to raise new equity investment. Having a share structure also makes the transfer of ownership more straightforward should the need arise.

Amongst the downsides to incorporation are the additional statutory and regulatory requirements that you will have to meet, which can be costly.

Taxation should also be considered. The business structure and the way shareholders and directors are remunerated will determine whether more tax is paid or not following incorporation.

It is always recommended that you seek professional legal and financial advice before proceeding along the incorporation …

Thinking of Starting Up Your Own Bank Or Financial Institution?

Bank Ownership Offshore

Offshore bank ownership solutions include a New Zealand Finance Company, an EU Registered Trust Company, a Panama registered Forex Brokerage, or a Closed End Fund registered in the British Virgin Islands.

Each of these bank ownership solutions can be set up in tax advantaged manner in tax advantaged jurisdictions.

It is possible to set up a tax advantaged banking solution and to be able to offer traditional banking services including the provision of checking and savings accounts, certificates of deposit, trust account services, wire transfer services, credit and debit card services, and trust account services.

The rules and regulations vary front one jurisdiction to another. However, it is perfectly legal to set up an offshore banking solution in any of several jurisdictions world wide, taking advantage of the laws of that country. In general, it is possible to find jurisdictions when one does not to provide the capital reserves required of a traditional bank in the same country.

Not All Offshore Banking Solutions Are the Same

If you are considering banking offshore talk to an offshore expert because not all offshore banking solutions are the same.

The world is full of decent offshore banking solutions and there are a handful of exceptional offshore banking solutions. Why not go with the best and most professional choices?

You should work out the best offshore banking solution in your choice of jurisdictions. Offshore shore banking in tax advantaged jurisdictions can save you money. Offshore banking can be very discrete in an increasingly intrusive world. Offshore banking can be safe and profitable.

An offshore banking solution should save you money, guard your privacy, and protect your assets.

Offshore Banking Solutions: Closed End Funds

One of the many offshore banking/financial institution options is to start and run you own closed end hedge fund. An offshore expert can help you explore the opportunities involved in such an investment and its relevance to your personal needs.

An offshore closed end fund option is in the British Virgin Islands. Such a fund invests pooled assets, charges management fees, and, typically, receives performance fees on profits.

The British Virgin Islands are a tax advantaged jurisdiction for such an institution. Reporting requirements and the attendant overhead are minimal in the British Virgin Islands helping to hold costs down.

Such a fund can engage in investments and trading world wide without excessive reporting requirements to local institutions. This is a tax advantaged location. You can seek advice about the pros and cons of starting a British Virgin Islands registered closed end fund. It is also possible to obtain the technical support required to successfully run a closed end fund in the British Virgin Islands.

A closed end fund can be a very successful undertaking if properly set up and managed in a tax advantaged, low overhead location.

Offshore Banking Solutions: Forex Brokerage

An attractive offshore banking/finance option is to set up a Forex brokerage in the country of Panama. This is a tax advantaged jurisdiction with minimal overhead …

Why Businesses Fail Without Accounting Finance Help

To succeed in the business world is tough and especially if you are not too familiar with the different strategies which are needed to make a business successful. Accounting finance, bookkeeping, promotion, marketing, production and manufacturing are some of the strategies that you need to undertake for running a business successfully.

Accounting finance is something that any business needs to seek help with. If you are running a large scale business, there is no question that a separate department or outsourcing is needed. If a person is running a small scale business, they may be able to handle the accounting finance work themselves, but background knowledge is a must. Attempting to calculate these figures can be very time consuming and frustrating if the education or skills are not possessed.

Accounting finance will service a business by keeping a proper record of all the financial aspects of the business. Each business needs to keep a record of all the fiscal dealings that they do on a daily basis, as this is the only thing which will help in determining how good or bad the business is doing.

Often it happens that the person handling the accounting finance or the financial aspect of the business does not make it a habit to maintain all the financial records consistently, especially the small transactions that are done on a daily or weekly basis. It is very important to have all the things documented and it will be best if these things are written down because they are quickly forgotten.

Now accounting finance help is something that you cannot avoid and so you must make sure that you get the best professionals to do the work for you. There are many well-known firms that perform excellent accounting finance. Using a true army of dedicated, experienced personnel such firms have the capacity to deal with various financial accounts, engaging in bookkeeping and income tax services. The benefits of outsourcing the accounting finance helps in every aspect of a business, and this is the reason why there is a large surge in the number of business owners and entrepreneurs opening up to the idea of outsourcing the work.

The experience of professionals can help people understand and maintain their financial records in a more effective manner. With accounting finance services, one can learn the true basis of accounting and benefit from an advantageous tax system suitable for corporations. Their intention is to use all the available resources and trained staff to help deal with issues such as audit and budget possibilities. Using such a service, greatly assists in accomplishing a company’s clear objectives.

The strategy, which will be needed for maintaining the accounts of your business properly, is different for every business. Therefore, the professional who is offering accounting finance help to your business must make sure that he is fully aware of all the different aspects of your business. Then based on that, decide what will be the best way to handle the accounts and finance …