Updated on November 10, 2017 by admin
Money laundering is the process of moving money from the illegitimate to the legitimate economy. The crime of money laundering consists of knowingly disguising the source, origin or ownership of illegal funds.
Any criminal transactions are carried out in cash and the function of the money launderer is often to translate these small sums into a larger, more liquid sum which will be difficult to trace and more easy to invest. Money laundering has emerged on a massive international scale with the globalization of the world economy and the internationalization of organized crime.
Money earned in one region can, with increasing facility, be transferred to another part of the world, preventing its eventual recovery by law enforcement. With the globalization of organized crime activity, money is earned in all regions of the world and must be collected, consolidated and moved.
This growth has been facilitated by new technologies, the increasing movement of goods and people globally and the declining significance of borders. A large number of professionals, including lawyers, accountants and bankers, have emerged to provide services to this criminal and corrupt clientele with large amounts of money at their disposal. Not involved in the original act, these professionals help perpetuate criminal and corrupt activities through their services. Organized crime groups have particularly benefited from the expansion of global financial markets. They have exploited the differential regulatory regimes and the possibility of moving money across jurisdictions rapidly in order to hinder detection by taking advantage of the discrepancies between country based regulatory systems.
They seek out locales that are less regulated with respect to international anti-money laundering laws. These havens, frequently offshore banking centers, provide both banking and corporate secrecy. They also provide secrecy for the trusts, which are used to hide large-scale assets that are often illegally diverted from the companies controlled by organized crime groups. In 1996 economists of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) suggested that 2 percent of global GDP (gross domestic product) was related to drug crime and the laundered sums associated with corruption and tax evasion would be an even larger percentage. The share of the world’s economy would be even higher today for several reasons as many forms of organized crime have grown in this period and the countermeasures have failed to dent the profits of this activity except at the margins.
Much laundered money has been invested in dollarized accounts and other strong currencies where it has escaped significant losses through currency devaluations in origin countries. In offshore regimes where financial capital is untaxed, its growth is faster than that of money that is part of taxed and regulated regimes. The range of businesses and financial institutions used to launder money has proliferated with the profits and the growing sums which need to be laundered. Among the institutions employed are large banks, offshore banks and financial institutions, currency exchange and wire transfer businesses, stock brokerage houses, gold dealers, casinos, insurance and trading companies.
The ability to safeguard the proceeds of transnational criminal activity, …
Updated on December 1, 2017 by admin
One of the best ways to protect yourself from unexpected occurrences during your travels is to secure travel insurance. Most banks offer this product as a safety net of sorts and a means of helping travellers gain peace of mind throughout their trip.
For those who do not really know about it, travel insurance covers financial losses or medical expenses that you might incur during your domestic or international journey. Typically, this insurance product has five major categories that you might want to know.
– Trip cancellation insurance. You will be covered in case you or your travel companions will have to interrupt, delay or cancel the trip (perhaps due to weather issues, injury or illness, problems with passports or visas, unexpected business conflicts, acts of terrorism, or accidents on the way to the airport).
– Travel medical or Major medical insurance. This provides coverage in the event that the policyholder falls ill or becomes injured during the trip. The difference is that travel medical insurance provides only short-term coverage (from five days up to one year), while major medical insurance is ideal for people who will be travelling between six months and one year or longer.
– Emergency medical evacuation insurance. If you find yourself in a remote rural area or any place where there is limited or no access to the necessary medical facilities, this insurance policy will cover medically necessary evacuation and transportation to the proper facilities.
– Accidental death/flight accident insurance. If such an accidental death or a serious injury due to a flight accident would occur, this insurance policy will pay benefits to the policyholder’s surviving beneficiaries.
It’s best to evaluate the nature of your trips, your health background and the activities you will be involved in to help you determine if travel insurance will prove to be especially helpful. You may consider, for example, your ability to pay for the full cost of a trip back home in case an emergency takes place and you need to make an unscheduled trip home, or whether you will be able to pay for medical care in case someone in your party with a health condition becomes sick. Factors such as these can help you figure out whether the insurance will prove to be valuable or not. Should you decide to get it, remember to carefully read through the fine print and ask the bank personnel to explain every policy so you can make a fully informed decision.
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